What is a tympanum in a church?

What was the religious significance of the tympanum?

The left side of the tympanum displays the rise to the heavenly kingdom, and on the right is a portrayal of the demons in hell with an angel and a devil weighing the souls on a balance. The tympanum would have inspired terror in believers that passed beneath it and viewed the detailed high relief sculpture.

What is the tympanum and what is it used for?

In general, any animal that reacts to sounds or communicates by means of sound, needs to have an auditory mechanism. This typically consists of a membrane capable of vibration known as the tympanum, an air-filled chamber and sensory organs to detect the auditory stimuli.

What was the purpose of Romanesque tympanum?

In romanesque and gothic architecture this term provides a semicircular or pointed field filling the space between the lintel and portals archivolt, usually filled with bas relief.

Why is the tympanum important?

The tympanic membrane is also called the eardrum. It separates the outer ear from the middle ear. When sound waves reach the tympanic membrane they cause it to vibrate. The vibrations are then transferred to the tiny bones in the middle ear.

What does the tympanum depict?

Gothic Cathedrals

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  How old is ban the fox sin?

In the arch of the door (the tympanum) is often a significant sculpture representing scenes from Christian Theology, most frequently Christ in Majesty and Judgment Day.

How does the tympanum function?

The tympanic membrane’s function is to assist in human hearing. When sound waves enter the ear, they strike the tympanic membrane. The membrane vibrates with the force of the sound wave strike and transmits the vibrations further in, to the bones of the middle ear.

What does the cochlea do?

This action is passed onto the cochlea, a fluid-filled snail-like structure that contains the organ of Corti, the organ for hearing. It consists of tiny hair cells that line the cochlea. These cells translate vibrations into electrical impulses that are carried to the brain by sensory nerves.

Who invented tympanum?

The instrument came to Rome from Greece and the Near East, probably in association with the cult of Cybele. The first depiction in Greek art appears in the 8th century BC, on a bronze votive disc found in a cave on Crete that was a cult site for Zeus.

Where did tympanum originate?

“drum of the ear,” 1610s, from Medieval Latin tympanum, introduced in this sense by Italian anatomist Gabriello Fallopio (1523-1562), from Latin tympanum “a drum, timbrel, tambourine,” from Greek tympanon “a kettledrum,” from root of typtein “to beat, strike” (see type (n.)).