What did Greek philosophers think about Greek gods?
Some Greek philosophers like Xenophanes detested the humanized gods found in Homer and Hesiod for their deplorable actions and observed humanity’s tendencies to fashion (false) gods in their own image. Xenophanes instead proposed the existence of one god “who is like mortals in neither body nor mind.”
Which Greek philosopher was an atheist?
Most histories of atheism choose the Greek and Roman philosophers Epicurus, Democritus, and Lucretius as the first atheist writers. While these writers certainly changed the idea of God, they didn’t entirely deny that gods could exist.
Did Socrates believe heaven?
No heaven and hell (in the Medieval sense) in Ancient Greece. See Greek underworld for the original Greek idea of afterlife. No reason to assert that Socrates believed in reincarnation.
Does Plato believed in God?
To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. The order and purpose he gives the universe is limited by the imperfections inherent in material.
What did Socrates say about Greek gods?
God and man both, Socrates believes, are morally good in direct proportion to their knowledge of good and evil (Vlastos 164). If the god’s wisdom is perfect so his goodness would be and, if his goodness is perfect his wisdom would be as well. His god is perfectly wise, perfectly good, perfectly, rationally moral.
What did Aristotle think about Greek gods?
He thinks not only that the stories told about the traditional gods are absurd, but that these gods do not exist, though he is prepared to allow that certain myths about the gods are possibly more edifying than others. So, Aristotle thinks that Greek “religion” is mostly irredeemably false.
Do philosophers believe in God?
Some philosophers – not most but a significant minority, including members of the Society of Christian Philosophers – believe in God. … Claims about the existence and nature of God are, rather, controversial to philosophers, including Christian philosophers.
Who is the most famous atheist?
Lists of atheists
- Albert Camus.
- Richard Dawkins.
- Daniel Dennett.
- Ludwig Feuerbach.
- Sam Harris.
- Christopher Hitchens.
- Baron d’Holbach.
- Bertrand Russell.