Who founded the Orthodox Church?
Eastern Orthodox theology is based on holy tradition, which incorporates the dogmatic decrees of the seven ecumenical councils, the Scriptures, and the teaching of the Church Fathers.
|Eastern Orthodox Church|
|Founder||Jesus Christ, according to sacred tradition|
When was Greek Orthodox founded?
How did the Orthodox Church start?
The Orthodox tradition developed from the Christianity of the Eastern Roman Empire and was shaped by the pressures, politics and peoples of that geographical area. Since the Eastern capital of the Roman Empire was Byzantium, this style of Christianity is sometimes called ‘Byzantine Christianity’.
Who was the first patriarch of the Orthodox Church?
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
|Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch|
|First holder||Andrew the Apostle (as bishop) Alexander (as archbishop) Anatolius (as patriarch)|
|Established||38 (founded) 451 (granted title of patriarch)|
|Cathedral||St. George’s Cathedral, Istanbul, Turkey|
How does Greek Orthodox differ from Christianity?
Main differences: The Orthodox consider the ‘Holy tradition’ of the church to be divinely inspired along with the Bible but the Protestants only consider Bible as divinely inspired. Orthodox Christians have the concept of deification and purgatory while the Protestants reject both.
Does the Greek Orthodox Church have a pope?
It is the position of the Orthodox Church that it has never accepted the pope as de jure leader of the entire church. All bishops are equal “as Peter”, therefore every church under every bishop (consecrated in apostolic succession) is fully complete (the original meaning of catholic).
Is there an Orthodox pope?
The current holder of this position is Pope Tawadros II, who was selected as the 118th pope on November 18, 2012.
Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
|Bishop of Alexandria|
|First holder||Saint Mark|
|Cathedral||Saint Mark Cathedral in Alexandria Saint Mark Cathedral in Cairo|
Which Bible does Orthodox Church use?
The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.
Why is the Orthodox cross different?
The Russian Orthodox cross differs from the Western cross. The cross usually has three crossbeams, two horizontal and the third one is a bit slanted. The middle bar was where Christ’s hands were nailed. … Thus bottom bar of the cross is like the scale of justice and its points show the way to the Hell and Heaven.
How do Greek Orthodox cross themselves?
How to Know When… For Greek Orthodox Christians, the sign of the cross is the ultimate expression of their faith. While making the sign of the cross, Orthodox Christians do so by touching their thumb, index, and middle fingers together, which represents the Holy Trinity.