How many of the apostles were martyred?
10 of them as martyrs. John died of old age. But Judas chose a cursed path. He was not the only one who betrayed Jesus; all of the other disciples abandoned Jesus, Peter directly denied knowing him.
Why is Peter called Simon son of Jonah?
Simon, son of Jonah, was born in Bethsaida in Galilee in 11 B. C. His father Jonah was born into the Hebrew Tribe of Naphtali. He had just called him in verse 17 “Simon Barjona.” This means, Simon son of Jonah. … Peter is the Greek form of the nickname given to Simon by Jesus.