How were the Catholics a threat to Elizabeth?
Many Catholics in England were not happy with Elizabeth’s Settlement. They had enjoyed religious freedom under Queen Mary, Elizabeth’s sister, and they were now being asked to change or deny their beliefs. Many couldn’t make this compromise and left to live in exile abroad.
Why did Catholics not like Queen Elizabeth?
The new pope, Pius V, did not like Elizabeth. Like all Catholics, he believed she was illegitimate, and thus had no right to the throne of England. Catholics believed that the true Queen of the land was Mary Queen of Scots.
How many Catholics were killed during Elizabeth’s reign?
So the faith was planted, so it must be restored.” Campion was one of about 130 priests executed for religious treason in Elizabeth’s reign. A further 60 of their lay supporters were also put to death. Torture was used more than in any other English reign.
Why did Elizabeth fail in the Netherlands?
Protestants in the Netherlands began a revolt against Spanish rule in 1572. Elizabeth secretly supported the Dutch rebels because she knew the Dutch revolt would keep the Spanish too busy to threaten England. … For the first time English and Spanish armies were fighting each other.
Why did Elizabeth execute Catholics?
Catholics saw Mary as the rightful queen of England. In 1570 the Pope produced a Papal Bull of Excommunication that said that Elizabeth was excommunicated (thrown out) of the Catholic Church and he ordered Catholics not to obey her. This meant that by the 1580s Elizabeth was under threat from the Catholic Church.
Was Elizabeth the First tolerant of Catholics?
Though Elizabeth’s religious policy was tolerant at first, Catholics could not openly practice their religion. Plots against Elizabeth from Catholic nations like Spain created distrust of Catholics both abroad and at home.
Did Elizabeth’s middle way work?
The plotters wanted to remove or assassinate Protestant Elizabeth and replace her with Catholic Mary. The ‘middle way’ failed. Elizabeth became more anti-Catholic as her reign went on.