What were the two forms of Christianity that emerged during the Byzantine Empire?
Jul 16, 1054 CE: Great Schism. On July 16, 1054, Patriarch of Constantinople Michael Cerularius was excommunicated, starting the “Great Schism” that created the two largest denominations in Christianity—the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox faiths.
What religion was followed in the Byzantine Empire?
Citizens of the Byzantine Empire strongly identified as Christians, just as they identified as Romans. Emperors, seeking to unite their realm under one faith, recognized Christianity as the state religion and endowed the church with political and legal power.
How Christianity in the Byzantine Empire differ from Christianity in the West?
Some differences between Byzantine Christianity and Roman Catholic Christianity are in Byzantine Christianity the clergy kept their right to marry, unlike priests in Western Europe. In western Europe they spoke Latin whereas, in the Byzantine Empire they spoke Greek.
How was Christianity established as the official religion of the Byzantine Empire?
In 330 A.D., Roman Emperor Constantine I chose Byzantium as the site of a “New Rome” with an eponymous capital city, Constantinople. Five years earlier, at the Council of Nicaea, Constantine had established Christianity — once an obscure Jewish sect — as Rome’s official religion.
What is Byzantine church?
n. 1. the Christian church comprising the local and national Eastern churches that are in communion with the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople; Byzantine Church. 2. … the Christian church of those countries formerly comprising the Eastern Roman Empire and of countries evangelized from it.
How did the Byzantine church and church in Rome differ?
Byzantines held more theoretical view about Jesus. Though Byzantines believe in humanity of Christ, but his divinity is more emphasized in Greek Orthodoxy or Eastern Church. Roman Catholics believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ but emphasizes on his humanity.
What Byzantine emperor embraced Christianity and made it the religion of the empire?
Constantine made Christianity the main religion of Rome, and created Constantinople, which became the most powerful city in the world. Emperor Constantine (ca A.D. 280– 337) reigned over a major transition in the Roman Empire—and much more.
How did the Byzantine Empire use religion to govern?
How did religion play a role in the Byzantine Empire? … The Eastern Orthodox Church played a central role in daily life. Church Hierarchy Like Roman Catholic clergy, Orthodox clergy were ranked in order of importance. In Byzantine times, the emperor had supreme authority in the Church.